What is Prostate Cancer
The prostate is a gland found only in males. Located below the bladder and in front of the rectum, the prostate produces some of the fluid that is part of semen. Prostate cancer is one of the most common cancers in men and begins when the cells in the prostate gland grow out of control. In many cases, the cancer will grow slowly and will not cause harm, but other cases may be aggressive and require treatment.
In the early stages of prostate cancer, you may not experience any symptoms. This is why it can be difficult to diagnose until it gets to a more advanced stage. If you notice any of the following symptoms or sudden changes in your health speak with your doctor and discuss your concerns.
- Interrupted urine flow or the need to strain
- Frequent need to urinate at night
- Pain or burning while urinating
- Discomfort when sitting
- Bone pain
- Erectile dysfunction
- Blood in urine or semen
What are the Causes?
While there is no specific cause of prostate cancer, there are a few factors that can increase your risk, which include:
- Age: This type of cancer is mostly found in men over 50.
- Genetics: You're at an increased risk if someone in your family has had the disease.
- Race: This disease is more common in men of African descent, than Hispanic, Asian, or non-Hispanic whites.
- Lifestyle: A diet rich in high-fat foods and red meat may increase your risk. Men who are less active and smoke also have an increased risk of prostate cancer.